This illustration was created for eLife, for their special Issue 'Discovery and Translation of Cancer Immunology'. The issue highlighted the recent advances in this field and the growing understanding of the mechanisms that underly the immune response in cancer cells. This has led to exciting new discoveries, such as the development of anti-cancer therapeutics.
Cancer immunology refers to the immune system's ability to protect the host against the formation of tumours. Both innate and adaptive immunity play a big role in monitoring and defending against tumourigenesis.